The best Sibiu city walk in the medieval town, Romania

20 Jan

The three medieval squares of the old medieval town are the best place to start the Sibiu city walk. 

Huet Square (it is the religious square of the town with the evangelical church): located at the outskirts/periphery of the Upper Town, it is formed on the route of the first enclosure of fortification (wood and earth fortification from the late XIIth century); here stands the first chapel in the city, then the Romanesque basilica with cemetery around (place of refuge for people in case of emergency), in the meanwhile around the church appearing other buildings erected on the ruins of the former fortification walls (when the former walls lose their defensive role they are demolished, with the expansion of the fortifications of the Upper Town). This is a must see in the Sibiu city walk.
The Small Square (the town’s commercial market with expensive merchandise/products): lies within the territory of the second enclosure/ belt of fortification, by increasing the built environment, while preserving a coherent model with defensive functions – takes over the general course/form of the fortress, the new fortified enclosure has a form of crescent: defensive walls and towers in the twelfth century, the second line of reinforcement walls with zwinger and the first buildings from the site (the first town hall, near the Council Tower) at the beginning of the thirteenth century, westward o row of houses paralel with Huet Sq, many buildings with porticos on the north and eastern side of the square (usually deposits or guild halls – e.g. the former warehouse of the guild of butchers, today House of Arts) on two curved fronts in the fourteenth century; structuring space by building a row of buildings in the fifteenth century, which divided the square into two distinct areas (spaces combined in the nineteenth century by demolishing the additional row of buildings); on the place of Tailors’ Guild House rises /appears the Roman Catholic church and rectory on the southeast side in the eighteenth century, and after the demolition of St. Jacob chapel and Priests Tower rises a bank (now City Hall) on the south-western side in the early twentieth century. This square cannot be missed in the Sibiu city walk.
The Great Square (the city’s everyday life – cultural and political functions, and commercial) the place for the trade fair, exercises and military parades, popular festivals and executions; appears as a square from the XIVth century, when it completes the third fortification belt, after an area of the initial plots has been parceled in the same time with the expansion of the town and its fortifications; for a while the inner wall from the second fortification was outlining one side of the square, in the XIIIth century being built only on the opposite side of this wall, and the lateral sides were built in the fourteenth century; major change in the square’s conformation in the fifteenth century: new public buildings rise afront /in line with the fortification wall, Baroque buildings are built instead of demolished ones (the new image of the square: the Catholic Church and the Brukenthal palace), furnishing with fountain and statues and in the early XXth century rises the land bank (present town hall). From 1948-1950, there is a green space in the center of the square, in 1984 was abolished and in 1986 stood the statue of Gheorghe Lazar. In 2005, the square is entirely restored, the statue of Gheorghe Lazar is replaced with a smaller one, is redesigned the old iron fountain and the square is paved with slabs of granite and stone. Don’t even think of not exploring this place in the Sibiu city walk. 

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